Melon is an important crop for farmers. It is prominent in pumpkin crops, which are cultivated in UP, Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, Maharashtra, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh. Farmers mainly cultivate it on the banks of rivers. It is a very tasty fruit, whose demand increases in summer, because its intake provides relief from the heat. Let us know that a lot of vitamin C and sugar are found in melon, it is also very beneficial for stomach disorders. Its seeds are used to decorate sweets. If farmers cultivate it with modern technology and advanced varieties, then its crop can give very good income.
It is a cash crop, cultivated in hot and dry climate. At the time of deposition of its seeds and growth of plants, the temperature is 22–26 ° C is appropriate. Fruits are cooked well due to dry weather and westerly wind, as well as sweetness in the fruits.
It can be cultivated in many types of soils, but sandy loam soil is considered suitable for a good crop.
First of all, do the first plowing of the field with soil-plow plow. After this do 2-3 plowing with cultivator. Keep in mind that after every plowing, run the stock and make the soil brittle. Apart from this, there should be proper drainage system in the field. For this, the field should be leveled.
Farmers should sow local variety, improved and high yielding varieties for good yield of melons.
Time of sowing
The time has come for farmers to sow melon. It can be sown in March. For information, tell that in the plains, it can be sown in February, in mountainous areas, April-May, in the last week of November-January in rivers, and in south and central India, in October-November.
Seed Volume and Treatment
If weeds are cultivated in an area of about 1 hectare, then on an average mango variety requires 1 to 1.5 kg of seeds and hybrid varieties require 350 grams of seeds. They should be treated with captan or thiram before sowing.
Method of sowing
First is about 2-2.5 m. Drains should be made at a distance of Now, at a distance of 60-80 centimeters on its edge, 2-3 seeds should be planted in the basin. Note that sowing the seeds at a depth of 1.5–2.0 cm.
There should be sufficient moisture in the field for seeds to germinate in its crop. The crop should be irrigated about 5-6 times. In the beginning, its plants need to be watered every week. Keep moisture in the field at the time of plant growth and fruit growth. Also, when the fruit is fully grown, its irrigation should be reduced. In this way the sweetness in the fruits increases. Irrigation of this crop should be done by drop-by-drop technique.
Light irrigation should be done after irrigating the melon crop. Due to this, the crust of the field is broken and the roots of plants start getting air. Light soil should also be applied to the roots of the plants during hoeing. |
When the color of the fruits starts changing, then understand that the fruits are ready to ripen. During this, a strong aroma of them also starts coming. This time is right for the harvesting of melons. Harvesting of the crop should be done in the morning.
If the farmer cultivates melons in an improved variety and modern way, then his crop can yield about 150-250 quintals per hectare. Good yield of this crop depends on climate, soil, variety, manure, fertilizer, irrigation and good care.