Definition of Agriculture: Definition, Sector, and Agricultural Products

What is meant by agriculture ( agriculture )? In general, the definition of agriculture is a process to produce food, food, fiber and other products in the agricultural sector that are needed by humans. This includes certain plants and also the increase in local animals.

Other opinions say that the notion of agriculture is a science and practice of agriculture, including cultivating land for planting crops and raising animals to produce food and other products needed by humans.

Agriculture is a branch of biology to make maximum use of biological resources. The activities of utilizing biological resources include, among others, cultivating crops or cultivating crops, raising livestock, including the use of microorganisms and bio-enzymes for processing advanced products.

Indonesia is an agrarian country that can produce agricultural products reaching 14.43% to 15% of total gross domestic product (GDP) . So that the agricultural sector in Indonesia is still one of the keys to the strength of the national economy.

Also read: Natural Resources

Agricultural Sectors

When talking about agriculture, this science covers several five sectors in general including food crops, plantations, forestry, livestock and fisheries. In accordance with the understanding of agriculture, the following is an explanation of each of these agricultural sectors:

  1. Food Plants

Included in the food crop sector in agriculture, namely rice. Rice is one of the products from the crop sector with the largest yields in Indonesia. Apart from rice, there are also other food crops such as vegetables, sweet potatoes, corn, fruits and so on.

  1. Plantation

The plantation sector in the agricultural sector is one sector that has experienced consistent growth compared to other sectors. Where the plantation area and the products from the plantations are directly proportional to one another. So that the results of plantations in Indonesia are quite important factors in increasing state income, considering that plantation products in this country include export commodities such as rubber, palm oil, cocoa, tea and coconut.

  1. Forestry

The product of the forestry sector is wood. The production of wood itself in this country must follow regulations from related parties, in this case the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. Because if wood production is not controlled carelessly, it will have an impact on preserving nature.

  1. Livestock

This agricultural sector is one of the small scale businesses carried out by the people. The livestock sector in Indonesia is classified into two categories according to the size of their livestock, namely large livestock including cattle, horses, buffalo and cattle, and small livestock including ducks, chickens and other types of poultry. The produce from these farms can be in the form of meat, milk and eggs

  1. Fisheries

Apart from being an Agrarian country, Indonesia is also known as a maritime country with an area of ​​3.25 million km2 of waters. Fishery is also included in one of the agricultural sectors which plays an important role in the social and economic structure of Indonesia.

Fishery products such as fish are not only used to meet domestic needs but are also used as export commodities. Apart from fish, fishery products also include pearl seaweed shrimp and many others.

Even though agriculture has several separate sectors, hectares of food crops are still the focus of current government attention to increase food yields. Given that even though Indonesia is a rice producing country, until now it still relies on rice imports from other countries.

Also read: Understanding Agribusiness

Agricultural Products

Agriculture or what is often called agriculture is an activity carried out by humans to obtain food through the use of resources in the heart to meet the needs of life. Referring to the definition of agriculture above, some agricultural products are as follows:

  • Food crops; rice, corn, cassava, potato, sweet potato, vegetables, fruits, and all processed food crop products.
  • Plantation; tea, chocolate (cocoa), coffee, rubber, coconut, palm oil, sugar cane, and all processed products from plantations.
  • Forestry; wood, gaharu, gondorukem, honey, rattan, and all processed products.
  • Livestock; meat, milk, eggs, livestock hair, and all processed livestock products.
  • Fisheries; fish, shrimp, shellfish, seaweed, pearls, and all processed fishery products.

Also read: Understanding Geography

That’s a little discussion about the meaning of agriculture, the sectors in it, and some agricultural products. Hopefully this article is useful and can add to your insight and knowledge regarding the field of agriculture.


by Abdullah Sam
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