Dark or light, liquid or frothy: your urine reveals your health

Urine is made up of water and other waste substances and is an important diagnostic tool for the doctor. It can take on shades of red, green, yellow, blue and any hue – unless you have simply eaten a food of that specific color or taken a particular drug – it is indicative of a specific health problem. Thus, for example, a red colored urine may indicate the presence of kidney or heart disease, but it can also be the simple and harmless consequence of having eaten beets that contain betanine, a reddish colored compound. Now let’s see some particular colors of urine.

straw The light straw represents the normal coloring of the urine, or a correct hydration, so there is nothing to worry about, our state of health is excellent.

urine Transparent urine could indicate excessive hydration, or rather that we drank too much water, or in rare cases it could indicate an excessive amount of sugars (hyperglycaemia) which could lead to the development of diabetes in the long run. The latter occurs when we are constantly thirsty and go to the bathroom to urinate more than we should.

yellow Transparent yellow is also an optimal color of the urine, the subject is in good health.

yellow Dark yellow represents a normal health condition. The darker coloring may be due to the fact that we are not very hydrated. So to get around this, drink more during the course of the day.

Amber or honey-colored
This color indicates that our body is dehydrated and this happens when we do not drink enough or when we have fluid leaks (sweating, use of diuretics, etc.). We advise you to drink more.

The orange color may be due to dehydration, or it may still be due to a pathology of the liver or bile duct. Many times it could be caused by taking a drug (anti-inflammatory drugs such as sulfasalazine (Azulfidine); phenazopyridine (Pyridium), and some chemotherapy drugs) or a dye present in food.

The syrup color could represent a serious dehydration or even more serious the presence of a liver disease. So drink more and if the problem persists consult a specialist for any investigations.

From pink to red
The pink-red color could be due to the consumption of a particular food such as rhubarb, beetroot, blueberries and turnips. In severe cases, however, the reddish color may be due to the presence of blood in the urine due to diseases such as urinary tract infections, enlarged prostate, kidney cysts, kidney stones or bladder, or cancerous and non-cancerous tumors. This coloring may still be due to chronic mercury or lead poisoning.

Blue or green
The rarely occurring blue or green color of urine may be due to the presence of a bacterial urinary tract infection caused for example by Pseudomonas bacteria (green color). Often this coloring could be caused by taking some medication (amitriptyline, indomethacin and propofol) or by consuming a food coloring.

Dirty gray, greenish
They can be caused by urinary tract infections and kidney stones.

Dark brown
They may indicate liver disease or melanoma , due to the presence of melanin in the urine. Gradations of blue
In this case we speak of  blue diaper syndrome , a hereditary disease that increases blood calcium levels.

urine Normal urine is liquid and occasionally slightly foamy and this should not cause concern. However, if a high amount of foam persists, this could be the manifestation of excessive protein consumption or kidney problems.

Turbid urine.It
can be caused by urinary tract infections, in this case they are associated with frequent urge to urinate, pain, fever, weakness. If the urine is cloudy and red, it can be a sign of a prostate problem.

Gallstones and Kidney
If the urine is dark and the stools clear, gallstones are likely to be present. If the color of the urine approaches red and you feel, or have only recently felt, intense and sudden pain in the side, usually on one side only, the presence of kidney stones is likely.



by Abdullah Sam
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