Cuba – History, capital, map, location, flag, economy, population

The Republic of  Cuba  is a country with a territory slightly larger than that of Pernambuco , being 110,861 km². The archipelago is located in Central America and is bathed only by the Caribbean Sea. Their lands are limited to the Bahamas, Haiti, the United States and the British colony of the Cayman Islands and Jamaica.

The country’s economy is mainly focused on the primary sectors, since the industrial sector  is not so diversified. In addition, tourism has also gained even more space in the country’s economic activities, mainly due to the natural beauty of the territory.

Cuba was under Spanish rule for approximately 400 years, until in 1898 the Americans gained control of the territory. Then, a few years later, the United States allowed Cubans to become independent. But, a military base was established that remains today.

Index hide ]

  • History of Cuba
  • Cuba Map
  • Flag of Cuba
  • Economy of Cuba
  • Cuba’s Natural Resources

History of Cuba

Cuban territory was occupied by indigenous people until 1492, when Christopher Columbus arrived on the land. Then, for at least 400 years, the Spaniards dominated the country and started economic activities, through the cultivation of tobacco and sugarcane.

In the year 1898, the United States conquered the territory of Spain and three years later, Cuba was granted its independence. Despite this, the country still has a military base, which is located in the city of Guantánamo .

In 1933, ex-sergeant Fulgencio Batista installed a coup with the United States. However, those dissatisfied with the situation conquered the country’s capital, Havana , through what is known as the Cuban Revolution . The movement’s leader was Fidel Castro, who later became president.

Fidel Castro’s speech after the victory of the revolution in 1959

During the Cold War , Fidel Castro aligned Cuba with the Soviet economic bloc. With the intention of ending Cuba’s socialist government, the United States severed diplomatic and economic relations with the country. Remembering that Cuba is the only socialist country in America.

In order to manage the crises caused by the disconnect, the country needed Soviet support. Until in 1991 the Soviet Union came to an end, causing it to establish an economic crisis in Cuba. The American economic blockade continues today and in this way, the dollars have been maintained by tourist activities.

Cuba Map

Cuba is located in Central America. Its territory is limited to the north with the United States, to the south with the British colonies of the Caymans and Jamaica, to the northeast with Bahamas and to the southeast with Haiti. Check out the map of Cuba below :

Cuba Map

In addition, the Cuban territory is 110,861 km², slightly larger than the Brazilian state Pernambuco. Its capital is Havana. About 11.2 million inhabitants live in the socialist country, where the current president is Miguel Díaz-Canel.

Flag of Cuba

The flag of Cuba consists of three horizontal bands of blue color, which are separated by another three white bands. In addition, there is an equilateral triangle of red color that contains a five-pointed star. Check out the flag of Cuba:

Flag of Cuba

The three blue stripes represent the geographical division of the Colony of Cuba from the time it was created (1850), while the white stripes signify the purity of all Cuban patriots, the triangle refers to freedom, equality and fraternity, the color red the blood necessary to achieve liberation.

The white star represents solidarity among Cubans. Each point on the flag also has a meaning: strength, beauty, virtue, wisdom and solidarity.

Economy of Cuba

The economy of Cuba is linked to the primary sectors, therefore, the agricultural products, sugarcane, tobacco, orange, banana, rice and even pineapple. In addition, livestock, through the creation of cattle, poultry and pigs, as well as mineral extraction.

The country’s industrial sector is not very diversified and, therefore, works with the manufacture of food, machinery, chemicals and cigars. Tourism has also developed strongly, as Cuba has great natural beauty, such as beaches.

Cuba’s Natural Resources

Cuba’s main natural resources are:

  • Nickel;
  • Cobalt;
  • Iron ore;
  • Chrome;
  • Copper;
  • Salt;
  • Petroleum.


by Abdullah Sam
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