Cognition Learning Theory is major area of study in the field of Educational Psychology. It is likely that you are reading this article because you are interested in studying the topic and you wish to gain some insight into thinking and learning processes in an educational context. Studying cognition and learning means thinking about the ways people process information, solve problems, make decisions and expand their knowledge. To see how this is accomplished, we consider briefly what it means for a student to think and learn in the context of Educational Psychology.
Ten Facts About Cognition Learning Theory You Must Know
- There is little scientific consensus regarding definitions of cognition or learning.
- Cognitive and learning theory has moved through three distinct periods of study. These periods are the response acquisition period, the knowledge acquisition period and the knowledge construction period.
- Early in the history of psychology,the study of cognition was strongly influenced by associationist theory.
- Constructivist theories of cognition and learning generally assume that the knowledge human beings possess does not exist in a perfect form outside human existence.
- Information-processing theory was greatly influential in shaping educational practice because it highlighted the importance of attention and memory processes in learning.
- Constructive theory realises that all knowledge is subjective and created in the human mind, not discovered in nature.
- In Situated cognition, the meaning that people derive from physical and social events is considered to be extremely important to understanding cognition.
- Children who suffer from learning difficulties, particularly in situations where the culture of the home and of the school varies, tend to experience difficulties not necessarily because of a lack of ability, but because they have not been mediated into the culture of the school.
- Metacognition is a higher level of cognitive processing because it refers to conscious decisions that we may make about which cognitive processes and strategies to employ under certain circumstances.
- Vygotsky maintained that the development of internal thought processes was the result of social experiences that have been internalised and transformed through language
Studying cognition learning theory is an exciting and challenging task that requires students to be interested in subdisciplines such as cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, instructional psychology, philosophy and educational matters. As a student of Educational Psychology, you will often consider contradictory (and at times confusing) aspects of theories of cognition and learning, and speculate on their relevance to educational practice. Educational Psychology requires us to consider how these theories are relevant to complex educational situations in which a variety of factors interact and combine to produce differing effects.