The chromium is a trace element.It is compared to other minerals such as potassium , chlorine , calcium , magnesium , phosphorus , sulfur and sodium.
Effects and properties
Chromium has long been the subject of interest for possible connections with various health conditions. Among the most active areas of research on chromium is its use in the form of a supplement in the treatment of
- high cholesterol ,
- and in improving the composition of the body (ratio between fat mass and lean mass).
Type 2 diabetes and glucose intolerance
In type 2 diabetes the pancreas generally produces adequate amounts of insulin, which however for unknown reasons are no longer used effectively. In part, the disease occurs because the cells (including muscle and other tissues) become resistant to the action of the hormone, especially in obese subjects. Insulin allows the entry of glucose into the majority of cells, where sugar is used as an energy source, stored in the liver and muscles in the form of glycogen and converted into fat if in excess. Insulin resistance leads to higher than normal blood glucose levels ( hyperglycaemia ).
Chromium deficiency impairs the body’s ability to use glucose to meet energy needs and increases the need for insulin. It has therefore been suggested that chromium supplements may help control type 2 diabetes, or glucose and insulin response in subjects at high risk for that disease. This hypothesis was analyzed by reviewing randomized controlled trials. This meta-analysis assessed the effects of chromium supplements on three blood diabetes markers.
What are the consequences of chromium deficiency?
The deficiency of chromium can result in reduced glucose intolerance and increased demand for insulin , or symptoms similar to those of type 2 diabetes .
What are the consequences of excess chromium?
A ‘ excessive intake of chromium causes damage to the skin and kidneys .
Is it true that chromium helps fight high cholesterol?
Although the scientific data currently available are not sufficient to recommend the intake of chromium to counter hypercholesterolemia , some studies suggest that the intake of this microelement could reduce the levels of LDL cholesterol (so-called “bad cholesterol”) and increase those of HDL cholesterol (the so-called “good cholesterol”).
When should Chromium not be used?
The use of chromium is contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to the active substance .