CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS FACTS, HERO OR VILLAIN

Christopher Columbus’s most common fact was an explorer and merchant from Genoese, Italy, who crossed the Atlantic Ocean and reached the Americas on October 12, 1492. The trip was funded by Queen Isabella of Spanish Castile after the queen conquered Andalusia.

Another Christopher Columbus fact that is already believed to be the explorers who discovered the American continent. However, as is well known, this fact was later confirmed that Columbus did not really find and was not the first person to enter the Americas.

Because millions of people were already living in North America in 1492. Even so, people still celebrate his arrival in the Bahamas every October 12 as a sign of Columbus’s arrival on the Continent. In fact, Columbus only reached the coast of Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and explored the coasts of Central and South America.

Despite receiving funding from Spain, the fact that Christopher Columbus was on the American continent, he never planted the Spanish flag in North America. Then who was the first to reach America? According to the biography page , Leif Eriksson is the first European who is believed to have sailed to North America, he even reached Canada 500 years before Columbus learned to the West.

According to the wikipedia page , when Columbus arrived on the American continent, at first it was welcomed by the Indians, but after finding out that his bad intentions came on the island, Columbus received a lot of resistance from the local population. Some of the ships belonging to the Columbus group were sunk by the Indians, because they felt disturbed and threatened by his arrival.

Closing a Favorable Deal with Spain
Another Christopher Columbus fact that is rarely known is where he gained significant wealth and power from his “voyages”, terms he negotiated with King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain.

Later, he also signed a Contract with kings, called The Capitulations of Santa Fe, named Columbus the admiral, viceroy, and governor of every land he found.

Columbus also stated that he could keep 10 percent of every “merchandise, be it pearls, precious stones, gold , silver, spices and other things” that he “acquired” in the new territory.

Columbus may have had noble intentions when he sailed west, but his agreement with Spain suggests his intentions were far from selfless.

Enslaving Indigenous People
When Columbus first set foot on Hispaniola in the Caribbean, he encountered an indigenous population called the Taino. A friendly group, they happily trade jewelery, animals and supplies with sailors.

“They are very good, with a very handsome body and a very good face, they do not carry weapons, they must be good servants,” wrote Columbus in his diary as also written on the biography page .

Then, some time in Hispaniola, Columbus forced the natives (natives) into slavery, and was punished with loss of limbs or death if they did not accumulate enough gold. Then, due to brutal treatment and infectious disease, within a few decades, the Taino population was devastated.

Arrested by the Spanish Government
In 1499, the kings of Spain received news of the persecution of Spanish colonists in Hispaniola, including flogging and execution without trial. Columbus, who became governor of the region, was arrested, chained, and brought back to Spain.

Although some of the accusations might have been made by his political enemies, Columbus admitted to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella that they were true. Columbus was stripped of his title as governor of Hispaniola.

Several European Countries Rejected Columbus
For nearly a decade, Columbus lobbied the kings of Europe to finance his expensive search. Of course the search was to find a sea route from west to Asia. In 1484, he tried to lobby King John II of Portugal, but failed.

Experts believe Columbus had underestimated how far he would go. Three years later, he appealed to King Henry VII of England and King Charles VIII of France , but was again rejected. Previously, in 1486 Spain had actually rejected Columbus, but the Spanish kings changed their minds and finally agreed to pay for his trip.

Columbus Creates a Bridge between the Old and New Worlds
Although the facts are so gruesome and seemingly inhuman, but beyond that, the facts Christopher Columbus actually created a bridge between the old and the new world. Because with the term “exchange” Columbus from every journey, Columbus bartered or exchanged plants, animals, culture, ideas (and disease) between the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. After the Europeans were able to reach almost all parts of the world, a new modern era was like starting, and slowly changing it. ** (SS)

 

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