The 25th of December is a day marked by Christians all over the world. The day celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ; the Prophet sent by God to free humanity from evil. Many people and cultures around the world, including Christians, celebrate the holiday. In many countries, including the United States, Christmas is celebrated as a federal holiday. The festival was officially recognized as a national holiday in the United States in 1870.
Waves of religious reform
In the mid-17th century, religious reforms throughout Europe changed the way Christians celebrated holidays in Europe. In 1654 Oliver Cromwell led a Puritan force in taking control of England and consequently banished Christmas. When Charles II stood up, he restored his vacation. In 1620, English separatists reached America; but at that time Christmas was not recognized as a holiday on the continent. Between 1659-81 Christmas was banned in Boston, but Captain John Smith led the Jamestown people to celebrate the day.
Christmas as a state party
In the 19th century, the concept of celebrating Christmas began to spread in the United States. The holiday was reinvented by the Americans in a jamboree focused on melancholy and peace. The northern and southern states had conflicting views on the issue of slavery and Christmas. The Nordics preferred Thanksgiving at Christmas while the Southerners saw the event as an essential celebration. In 1836 Christmas was declared a holiday in Alabama, in 1838 Louisiana and Arkansas followed the example.
Christmas as a federal holiday
In the 1870s, the federal government began to recognize national holidays as federal holidays. Christmas, the birthday of George Washington, New Year, Thanksgiving and Independence Day were the first five holidays to be adopted as federal holidays. In 1968 all employees, with the exception of those in critical government and state installations, had to take a day off to celebrate Christmas with their families. Several countries around the world have adopted the concept of nationalizing Christmas. During the festival, structures such as schools, banks, hotels and companies remain. Today many secular countries like India also celebrate Christmas as a national holiday.