Characteristics of the coffee plant and its care

There are 40 different types of coffee plants , all native to Africa, but today they are grown in many tropical areas around the world. This evergreen shrub is ideal for growing in pots. One of the most popular plants is Coffea arabica or Cafeto, which can be grown indoors and can reach a height of 4.5 m in its natural habitat, although in a pot it rarely exceeds 1.5 m.

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The Coffea arabica is the coffee plant native to the lower slopes of the mountains of Angola and Ethiopia where it grows up to 4.5 m tall. It has beautiful and thin stems and branches, with ornamental, satin, dark green and oval-shaped leaves, about 15 cm long, with curly edges. In the middle of summer, fragrant white and star-shaped flowers emerge, blooming in corsages at leaf junctions.

Sometimes, when flowers die, although this rarely happens at home, bright red buds arise. Each of them contains two seeds that are coffee beans.

Care of the coffee plant throughout the year

Change potted coffee plant when spring ends using a good compost. Avoid transplanting it to a larger pot, choose one of about 2 cm in diameter. Also, you can trim the plant so that it recovers its old form if it has grown too much and its foliage is difficult to handle.

Give your copy a good luminosity; but, not direct sun, since its leaves may wilt; filtered sunlight is adequate; also, you should not place the plant in a shady place because the foliage can lose color and end up dying.

Water the coffee plant regularly and freely; but, don’t let it get flooded. Spray it once or twice a week in summer so that its leaves are kept clean and healthy. Pay the plant according to its size: in summer, every time you water it, add a few drops of fertilizer to the water. A mature plant in its final pot can receive a stronger solution once a week during the summer period.

Keep your plant at a temperature of 8 ° C in autumn and winter and water it less frequently, only what is necessary to keep the compost moist. Make sure the coffee plant receives fresh air, but remember to remove it from the air currents.

Propagation of the coffee plant

In winter-spring, sow coffee seeds at a depth of 13 mm or in a special seed compost. Keep them at a temperature of 30 ° C in semi-light; make sure that the compost is constantly moist and that the air is also moist until the seeds germinate.

When the seedlings appear, you will have to transplant them to a place where they receive filtered light and decrease the temperature and humidity. Grow the seedlings individually in pots 7 cm in diameter. When summer begins, take cuttings from the firmer shoots 10-15 cm long and with only a couple of leaves with a germinating end.

Insert the cuttings in a peat and sand compost in equal parts and keep them at a temperature of 18 ° C, constantly moist. If you provide these conditions, you can see how in a few weeks they take root. When they have taken root, transplant them into pots 10 cm in diameter.


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