What Causes Gastroesophageal Reflux?

Gastroesophageal reflux, or reflux, is a digestive disease in which the acids present inside the stomach return through the esophagus, instead of following the normal flow of digestion. This movement is known as reflux and irritates the tissues that line the esophagus , causing degradable symptoms. Find out what causes this problem in our post!


Esophageal valve problems

The cause of this disease is a kind of “defect” in the barrier between the stomach and the esophagus (esophageal valve), which allows the return of food, drinks and gastric juices in the flow contrary to digestion. As a consequence, irritation occurs in the walls of the esophagus , which is not prepared to receive this content, generating a whole series of unpleasant symptoms. But after all, what causes these problems in the esophageal valve?


Hiatal Hernia

A condition in which the part of the stomach moves above the diaphragm, which is the muscle that separates the chest and abdominal cavities, can also be a cause of Gastroesophageal Reflux.



Obesity is a disease that, if left untreated, can bring other health complications , in this case it is a cause of gastroesophageal reflux.


Eating habits

Did you know that your attitudes at the table can have a big impact on reflux? Well, in addition to the content of your plate, the way you eat is also directly related to digestion!


Cigarette and muscle relaxants

If you are a smoker, it is also worth watching. Smoking cigarettes impairs muscle reflexes and increases acid production , and should be avoided by reflux sufferers. (By the way, by all).

Some medications, including ibuprofen, muscle relaxants, some blood pressure and aspirin prescriptions can also cause reflux. Read the package inserts and discuss alternatives with your doctor.




Another common cause is pregnancy. During pregnancy, the baby may put extra pressure on the esophageal valve, causing the release of acid and acid reflux symptoms. Raising your head while sleeping, drinking herbal teas and eating smaller meals can help.


After all, how to improve this problem?

The treatment of reflux will depend on the severity of the case. In some cases, changes in lifestyle are sufficient for improvement. In other cases, treatment is done through medications that decrease the amount of acid produced by the stomach , improving esophageal motility, in conjunction with a diet, weight loss and physical activities.


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