Preface: Sardar Bhagat Singh is the most prominent name among the immortal martyrs of India . Bhagat Singh was born on 28 September 1907 in a patriotic Sikh family of Banga village (now in Pakistan) in the district of Lailpur in Punjab, which had a favorable impact on him.
Family: His father’s name was Sardar Kishan Singh and mother’s name was Vidyavati Kaur. It was a Sikh family that adopted the idea of Arya Samaj. Arya Samaj and Maharishi Dayanand’s ideology had a deep influence on his family. At the time of Bhagat Singh’s birth, his father ‘Sardar Kishan Singh’ and his two uncles ‘Ajit Singh’ and ‘Swarn Singh’ were in jail for being against the British.
The day Bhagat Singh was born, his father and uncle were released from jail. On the occasion of this auspicious moment, happiness in Bhagat Singh’s house increased even more. After the birth of Bhagat Singh, his grandmother named him ‘Bhago Wala’. Which means ‘good luck’. Later he came to be called ‘Bhagat Singh’.
Education: From the age of 14, he started working in the revolutionary institutions of Punjab. D.A.V. From school, he passed the ninth examination. After passing the Intermediate examination in 1923, preparations were made to tie him in marriage, then he fled from Lahore to Kanpur. Then, in the struggle for the independence of the country, we should devote our entire life to the country.
Revolutionary step: The courage with which Bhagat Singh fought the powerful British government for the independence of the country, will always remain a very big role model for the youth. Bhagat Singh knew Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi and English as well as Bangla, which he learned from Batukeshwar Dutt. His thoughts are reflected from his letters and articles written during his jail time. He expressed grief over the distances caused by language, caste and religion in Indian society.
He also thought of the attack of an Indian on the weaker section of society in the same manner as the atrocities committed by an Englishman. He believed that his martyrdom would make the Indian people more fierce, but it would not happen as long as he was alive. For this reason, he refused to write an apology even after the death sentence.
Establishment of Naujawan Bharat Sabha: The Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar on 13 April 1919 had such a profound effect on Bhagat Singh’s thinking that Bhagat Singh left the Lahore National College and founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha for the independence of India.
In the Kakori case, Bhagat Singh was so upset with the hanging of four revolutionaries including Ramprasad ‘Bismil’ and imprisonment on 16 others that Chandrashekhar Azad joined his party Hindustan Republican Association and gave him a new name ‘Hindustan Socialist Republican Association ‘. The purpose of this organization was to create youth who could bear the service, sacrifice and suffering.
After this, Bhagat Singh, along with Rajguru, killed British officer JP Sanders, Assistant Superintendent of Police, in Lahore on 17 December 1928. Revolutionary Chandrashekhar Azad also assisted him in this action. After this, Bhagat Singh, along with his revolutionary partner Batukeshwar Dutt, threw bombs and pamphlets on 8 April 1929 in the auditorium of the then Central Assembly of British India at Alipur Road, Delhi. After throwing the bomb, both of them also gave their arrest.
Lahore Conspiracy: After this, Bhagat Singh and his two other associates, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged together on 23 March 1931 in this case of ‘Lahore Conspiracy’. It is believed that the death penalty was fixed on the morning of 24 March, but fearing the people, the scared government ended the life of these heroes on the midnight of 23-24 March and in the dark of night their last on the banks of Sutlej Also performed the rites.
It was a coincidence that when he was hanged and left the world, at that time his age was 23 years, 5 months and 23 days and the day was also 23 March. Before his execution, Bhagat Singh had also written a letter to the British government, stating that he should be considered as a prisoner of war against the British government and should be shot rather than hanged, but this did not happen.
The martyrdom of Bhagat Singh not only gave impetus to the freedom struggle of his country but he also became a source of inspiration for the youth. He became the head of all the martyrs of the country. The people of India and Pakistan see him as a lover of freedom who devoted his whole life to his country including his youth.
Bhagat Singh was a prominent freedom fighter revolutionary of India. Even today, the whole country remembers his sacrifice with great sincerity and respect. Many Hindi films based on his life have also been made, including – The Legend of Bhagat Singh, Shaheed, Shaheed Bhagat Singh etc.