Austria – abstract, history, capital, map, flag, population, economy

The Austria is a European country located in Central Europe and is considered as one of the world’s largest economies.

The Austrian climate is temperate , characterized by mild summers and harsh winters.

Its geography points to high altitudes in the south and west, due to the presence of the Alps. Consequently, the terrain is rugged, providing the practice of winter sports, such as skiing and snowboarding.

Grossglochener, one of the highest places in Austria

Grossglochener and Wildspitze are the highest places in Austria , with 3,798 and 3,774 meters, respectively.

Index [ hide ]

  • History of Austria
    • After Christ
    • Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary
    • Post-World War I
  • Vienna, the capital of Austria
  • Austria map
  • Austria Flag
  • Population of Austria
    • Religion
  • Austrian Economy
  • Natural resources

History of Austria

In mid-400 BC, during antiquity, Austria was dominated by the Celts. Years later, in 15 BC, the Romans arrived, staying in the territory until the impeachment of the Empire, around 476 AD

With the decline of Rome, Asians, Slavs and Germans stabilized themselves there.

After Christ

Until around 814, the region had the management of Charlemagne and the emperor Oto I. In fact, the emperor assisted in the establishment of the Holy Roman-German Empire, which Austria won the most relevant title.

After the 13th century, Austria was in the hands of one of the most renowned families in Europe, the Habsburgs. They who remained in power most of the time, going until 1806.

Despite the longevity, there were disputes along the trajectory and the dissolution took place through the Napoleonic Wars. These wars encompassed practically the whole of Europe in confrontation with  Napoleon Bonaparte and, as a consequence, resulted in the abolition of the Holy Roman Germanic Empire and the beginning of the Austrian Empire.

Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary

Between 1804 and 1867, the Austrian Empire was reigned by Francis I, a member of the Habsburg family. At the time, the Vienna Congress was established with the aim of promoting peace and restoration to the countries that won the wars against Napoleon.

However, in the midst of territorial disputes, the Austrian Empire and Prussia started a war. As a result of it, in 1867, the Empire started to fragment, being born Austria-Hungary or the popular Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Austria-Hungary, or Austro-Hungarian Empire, was characterized as a European state of great notoriety. It was formed as a result of the agreement between the nobles of both countries, in which the Hungarians requested the monarchy.

However, if on the one hand it was possible to build a strong Empire, lasting for decades, on the other, minority groups articulated nationalist movements, with the intention of self-government.

Dissatisfaction ended up in the murder of Francisco Ferdinando, archduke and heir to the throne, and, consequently, the main cause for the outbreak of the First World War .

Post-World War I

After the First World War, the Austro-Hungarian Empire lost and had to be deconstructed. Therefore, it is only from that moment that Austria emerges as a Republic, abandoning the Habsburg monopoly.

However, even in the face of the link with Germany in the period of the Second World War , Austria started to have a national government only after the end of the clashes, in 1945.

In addition, the Allies were late in abdicating Austrian territory and only left once in time when Austria was neutral in relation to military treaties.

Austria has now joined the European Union .

Vienna, the capital of Austria

Vienna, the capital of Austria , was crowned in 2019, for the tenth consecutive year, as the best city in the world to live . It is not by chance that it receives millions of tourists a year.

Composed of numerous monuments, palaces and grandiose buildings, the city exhibits music, art and a lot of culture. It is also the nation of notorious classical music composers, such as Beethoven , Franz Schubert , Johann Strauss and Mozart .

Important global city, it is home to large organizations, as is the case of the UN (United Nations) .

With more than 1.8 million inhabitants, it is the second largest municipality that dialogues in the German language, second only to Berlin .

In the 1910s, the capital was the 5th largest city in the world, in front of it were London, New York, Paris and Chicago. However, with the end of the First World War, Vienna was left without a large part of its population, due to the bombing and destruction.

On the list of places to visit in Vienna are:

  1. Donaukanal
  2. Albertina Gallery
  3. Haus der Musik
  4. Hofburg
  5. Maria-Theresien-Platz and MuseumsQuartier
  6. Mozarthaus
  7. Naschmarket
  8. Vienna Opera
  9. Belvedere Palace
  10. Schönbrunn Palace
  11. Prater
  12. Secession
  13. Sigmund Freud Museum
  14. Stephanplatz and St. Stephen’s Cathedral

Austria map

Austria is a country in Central Europe, with an area of ​​83,879 km². More than half of its territory, approximately 75%, covers the Alps , with an altitude of more than 300 meters.

Its space is divided into nine states, which are subdivided into districts and municipalities.

Its territory is bordering Germany and the Czech Republic to the north; Slovenia and Italy to the south; Hungary to the east; Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west; and Slovakia, to the northeast.

In addition to the capital Vienna, the main cities include Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck.

Austria Flag

The Austrian flag is composed of three horizontal bands of the same proportion, the outer red and the middle white.

Its meaning is linked to legend and reality, in a mixed way. Thus, the colors are linked to the period of the Medieval Crusades, the white uniform of the knights and the blood spilled during the fighting. The belt, too, was the only place that remained white.

The Austrian flag is considered one of the oldest on the planet. Historical documents indicate that its origin is linked to the Austrian Duke Frederick II (1210-1246), in the 12th century.

At first, it was used as a symbol of the royal house of Austria and, later, of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Officially, it was only employed on May 1, 1945.

In its state version, it has the coat of arms stamped in the center.

Population of Austria

In summary, the population of Austria is made up of around 8,387,491 people. Therefore, the country is considered populated, with a demographic density set at around 100 inhabitants per square kilometer (100 h / km²).

On the other hand, population growth has a low number (0.37%), close to other European countries.

A large part of society lives in urban areas, totaling 67.5% inhabitants, and the other 32.5% in rural areas.

Also, according to data published by the UN (United Nations), in 2010, Austria has a high human development index (HDI) , by an average of 0.851. The number highlights the country in the world ranking.

In addition, its population was constituted in Antiquity, by the Celts. Then, the Romans populated the place. However, when the Roman Empire deposed itself, the region was taken over by Bavarians, Goths, Huns and Lombards.

Nowadays, a large part of its people are Austrian, but there are still Germans, Yugoslavs, Turks etc.

Religion

Most of the Austrian population is Christian, see how the beliefs are distributed:

  • Christians – 79.7% (Catholics 67.8%; other 11.9%)
  • Agnostics – 13.6%
  • Muslims – 4.5%
  • Atheists and atheists – 1.7%
  • Others – 0.5%

Austrian Economy

Considered an industrialized country, with a market economy, foreign trade plays a fundamental role.

The country’s economy has grown every year, especially with the accession to the European Union in 1995, which made the euro the local currency.

The industry sector is highly developed, sustained in the production of food, beverages, electronic equipment, optical instruments, textile production, chemicals, among others. Red Bull and Wolford are some of the main industries.

After the industry, tourism is also a crucial segment, whether in summer or winter.

Natural resources

Austria benefits from great natural resources.

Iron ore is of the highest quality and mined from the Erzberg deposits, the bronze mountain, in Styrie. There are also non-ferrous metals extracted from the subsoil, such as lead, zinc, bauxite and graphite, from Lower Austria and Styrie. Others are oil, mineral coal and copper.

 

Leave a Comment