Antonio José de Escalada y Sarria

Antonio José de Escalada. He was an Argentine patriot, father-in-law of José de San Martín.


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  • 1 Biographical synthesis
    • 1 Death of his Parents
    • 2 Member of the Consulate
    • 3 President of the Observation Board
    • 4 Deputy
  • 2 Source

Biographical synthesis

Antonio José de Escalada y Sarria was born in Buenos Aires in 1752 . He was the son of the Spanish Manuel de Escalada and Bustillo de Ceballos, the wealthiest merchant in the city, and Luisa de Sarria and Leal de la Plaza, a native of Concepción, Chile. Both he and his brother Francisco Antonio were natural children of Luisa de Sarria and Leal de la Plaza legitimized as Manuel de Escalada and Bustillo de Ceballos by King Carlos III of Spain in 1772, as Francisco Antonio exposes in the Royal Provision of Hidalguía request presented at the Valladolid Chancellery, as Manuel himself confirms in his will where he states that “Francisco Antonio and Antonio Joseph my natural children I had as a bachelor in the expressed Doña Luisa de Sarria “, and Luisa de Sarria in his, in which he establishes as his heirs his:” natural children, having been a baron who did not have a pregnancy, an impediment or a dissident, to have married me, named Francisco Antonio at the age of twelve years, and Antonio Joseph of ten, which remain and have remained in my company. ”

Death of his parents

After the death of his mother, on February 13 , 1762, the father took them home to give them the first studies, which they did not want to continue. In 1774 his father issued a will and left the brothers a third of his fortune, leaving the rest to his brothers Fernando, who lives in Spain, and Miguel, who lived in New Spain (Mexico). After the death of his father, Antonio José traveled to Spain, with powers granted by Francisco Antonio, in order to arrange with his uncle Fernando de Escalada the destination of parental property in Castañeda. In 1776 Antonio José de Escalada returned to the Río de la Plata on the Santa Rosalía frigate. After being widowed on June 13, 1784, on June 14, 1788 he married in the city of Buenos Aires with the patricia Tomasa de la Quintana, sister of the later General Hilarión de la Quintana, which related him to other military leaders of the independence cause,

Member of the Consulate

He was a member of the Buenos Aires Consulate of Commerce and made a quick political career: before 1810 he had been alderman and first-vote mayor of the Buenos Aires Cabildo. He married Petrona Salcedo, niece of the viceroy Juan José de Vértiz y Salcedo. He participated actively in the May Revolution, and during the open council of May 22, 1810 he spoke for the independence of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. He was a member of the Royal Audience of Buenos Aires, a period in which he faced the president of the First Board, Cornelio Saavedra, who ended up banishing him on the border. Upon his return he was treasurer of the city of Buenos Aires. From the beginning of 1812 he received the then colonel José San Martín in his house, that it used as a center for social activities in support of the creation of the Grenadier Horse Regiment. In his house, gatherings were organized to raise funds from voluntary donations, and there the official fundraising place for its financing was set. At the end of that same year, after having incorporated his sons Manuel and Mariano into the Grenadiers on Horseback as officers, San Martín married his daughter Remedios.

Chairman of the Observation Board

At the end of 1815 he was president of the Observation Board, in charge of negotiating with the federals of Santa Fe and Entre Ríos. Although he was not successful in his task, he was a representative body of a powerful political group, which allowed him to temporarily occupy the position of Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata during the period between the resignation of Antonio González. Balcarce and the arrival in Buenos Aires of Juan Martín de Pueyrredón.


In 1820 he was deputy of the Board of Representatives of Buenos Aires and was one of the electors of Manuel de Sarratea for the position of Governor of the Province of Buenos Aires. He approved the Pilar Treaty that Sarratea had signed with the federal leaders. He was repeatedly reelected for that position, and was one of the promoters of the candidacy of General Martín Rodríguez for the position of Governor. He was president of the Board of Representatives when he died of cancer in November 1821. He was buried in the curate of the Cathedral of Buenos Aires.


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