The concept of “Culture” can be defined at different levels and in different ways. If you search the Internet for “definition of culture”, you will get more than a thousand results! And each of those thousand definitions is true for someone. That is the uniqueness and difficulty of this concept: each person defines and understands it due to its reality. Therefore, we are not going to tell you that the approach presented here is general truth (note that if someone says / writes that “this is the definition of culture that is general truth because …” it would simply be absurd!).
So if a 70-year-old grandmother says that “culture is national dances, songs and architecture!” we are not going to persuade her to read and think about some theories on intercultural communication and to spend time on her multicultural education. What she believes in is her reality! But you, who live and work in our multicultural societies (every big city in every developed or even developing country is multicultural!), You have to increase your sense of intercultural awareness and develop some basic skills in intercultural management.
We propose to use the anthropological approach to define “culture”. Due to our experience, it is the most convenient approach when working in a multicultural environment :
“A society or group in which many or all people live and think in the same way, have the same culture so that any group of people share a common culture, when they have common rules of behavior and a basic form of social organization . We can say that each society has its own cultural peculiarities. “
The other level to define culture due to the anthropological approach is:
“Everything on Earth, which is man-made, is culture. Therefore, everything that is created or developed by the human hand or mind is culture, starting with teacups to philosophical ideologies ”.
So everything on Earth is culture except for Nature. Nature is the only phenomenon that is not touched by the human hand or mind. But it is the nucleus for the development of culture, and it influences the formation of cultural differences.