The Allium sativum , commonly known as garlic, is one of the major health remedies that land has to offer and, in fact, has medicinal properties backed by science. Garlic has a substance called allicin, which has antibacterial properties.
In addition, it is a natural antibiotic and has sulfur compounds that help detoxify the body, reduce blood pressure, improve blood circulation, boost the immune system, and so on. Garlic is a vegetable that is used in Mediterranean cuisine and has a strong and spicy flavor.
Formerly it was grouped within the family of the liliáceas, but at present it is located within the amarilidáceas. Read on to know how to plant garlic .
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When are garlic sown?
If you are lucky enough to have a garden or a patio in your home and you want to create your own garden, you are probably interested in knowing how to plant garlic .
The sowing of garlic must be carried out during the fall, from October to January for the northern hemisphere, and from April to July for the southern hemisphere, depending on the weather of each area. In Spain, it is best to do it in November.
How to sow garlic?
Planting garlic is really easy and if you have never done it before, you will get excited when you know that with such a head of garlic you will be able to obtain new plants. Remove the cloves of garlic or bubos, avoiding catching the center of the head because they do not grow in the same way. Plant the garlic cloves directly into the ground with a depth of 3 cm, placing them with the tip facing up. This way your leaves will come out more easily.
If you have any doubts about what the garlic tip is, you should simply observe a garlic clove to notice that one of its parts is more flattened and that another ends at the end. This part is the one that should go up.
Between plant and plant you must leave about 15 cm apart. If you are going to sow garlic in a pot , you should do it in a 6-liter one. Between each clove of garlic you should leave a span of approximately. Remember that you will have to consider 3 liters for each garlic, so in a 6-liter pot you will only get two.
Garlic is not very demanding in terms of irrigation, although it likes moist soils, but not waterlogged. If you pool the ground, the garlic will rot. Use a soil that does not retain moisture too much. The ideal is to use a loose substrate, although it adapts to any type of soil. On the other hand, do not fertilize manure because the plants will rot.
Although it is not a demanding plant in terms of climate, it is true that it loves the sun and the cold to grow well. Therefore, you must plant the garlic in a place where there is plenty of sun , both in the pot and in the garden space. When flowers come out, cut them so that it gives strength to the plant. The bud of the garlic flower that is cut is delicious, so it is advisable to make salads with it.
When to harvest the garlic and how to spread
It counts three and a half months after planting garlic , although when the leaves wilt, it will be time to collect them. For its part, to propagate garlic, you should only sow garlic cloves as we have explained previously.