Many leaders are competing to find out how to become a professional manager. They do this because of the strong belief that the role of managers is very important in management. There are many successful managers in Indonesia who can be our role models in being good and effective managers. Studying their attitudes and behaviors is a good step to do, because in reality being an effective manager is not just by being qualified as a company manager. There are various other things that we need to learn too. An effective manager is a manager who has the competence to complete every job well and clever to choose alternative ways and effective ways to achieve goals.
In other words, some characteristics of effective managers are having slick skills, knowledgeable and broad-minded, able to complete tasks well, have a competitive advantage that can help the company, and do every job with the right completion method. So, now colleagues have a picture of what a good manager is like?
What are the Leadership Styles to Become Effective Managers?
If your readers are getting more curious to know “How do you become an effective manager?” Now, fellow readers need to know that you are reading the right article for self-development and leadership qualities of fellow readers. So, make sure colleagues read this article to the end.
Reporting from the business website dot com, there are 6 leadership styles in becoming an effective manager, which we can apply to our chosen leadership style. In this case, we do not need to adopt all six methods at once, but we can choose one leadership style or combine several leadership styles into our work as managers.
Why don’t we need to adopt the six leadership styles all at once? Because good and effective managers will apply leadership styles that are appropriate to the state of the work environment and their employees. So, what are the 6 leadership styles in becoming an effective manager? Let us consider the following explanation.
1. Manager Leadership Style: Autocrat.
The first good leadership style to be an effective manager is the autocrat style. This leadership style underscores “where did decisions come from? Of course, the answer is from the manager “. The advantage of this leadership style is quick decision making .
Logically this is indeed true, because we don’t need to throw problems at other parties to be discussed again. The main controller, controller and decision maker are the managers themselves, no one else. We do not need to hold discussions, consultations or ask for support from other parties just to make a decision.
When a crisis hits where we have to take speed as quickly as possible, this leadership style becomes very effective. What is an example? For example, I am a producer of a food product. My team and I have a program to include gifts directly in the packaging of our food products. Fatally, many of our consumers are stricken with listeria infection because of the bacteria present in the gift in the product’s packaging.
Of course this is an emergency situation and speed in making a decision is critical in this regard. If a decision is not taken as quickly as possible in this crisis, then the business that I founded can go bankrupt quickly. However, that does not mean we cannot weigh or negotiate when using this leadership style, colleagues. When the crisis has subsided, the manager can discuss with his team members the “quick decision” he has made.
Lacking this leadership style, team members feel they do not have any power to convey their ideas. Moreover, if managers make decisions quickly , it is also indirectly the team members who get the impact. This managerial leadership style is often referred to as dictatorial or authoritative. Who is the famous figure who adopted this leadership style? One well-known practitioner who applies it is Henry Ford. Fellow readers must know him right?
2. Manager Leadership Style: Consultant.
The second effective managerial leadership style is to use a consultant style. Well, a well-known practitioner who adopts this leadership style is Elizabeth Dole. According to Dole, “What you always do before making a decision is to consult”.
If the autocratic leadership style we do not know the word “consultation”, because the highest decision only lies with the manager, then the consultant’s leadership style is a bit different from before. The consultant manager always implements discussions or negotiating activities with his team members before making a decision. Even so, the final and highest decision remains with the manager, not others.
So far, this style of leadership is the most widely applied by managers. But the drawback, employees who are not included in this consultation will feel slighted or not considered.
Another drawback, if great consultants resign or leave the company, it is likely that managers will find it difficult to face the next problem. Why is that? Because if managers use ideas or input from previous consultants in solving problems, when there are new problems in the future that are still related to previous problems, then this can be a pretty serious condition.
3. Manager Leadership Style: Democratic.
The third effective managerial leadership style are those who use the democratic path. In this leadership style, decisions are made using majority choice. So the more team members are firm and strong in defending their ideas or aspirations, then their ideas can become the chosen decision. Especially if the idea is in the majority choice.
Unlike the autocratic leadership style, a democratic leadership style will make the decision making process long enough to achieve. The strength of this leadership style will be seen when managers and team members face very complex problems. By applying this style, each team member will provide their bright ideas and aspirations that will make the solution to this problem very good and effective. Logically, the more brains that think to solve the problem, the better the solution obtained. Who is the famous figure who adopted this leadership style? He is John F. Kennedy. Kennedy stated, “The best way for us to get along is to get along with other people”.
4. Manager Leadership Style: Laissez-Faire.
Have your fellow readers heard the term “Laissez-Faire” before? This term comes from French which means “let it happen” or “let it do”. In accordance with the meaning of the term laissez-faire, the laissez-faire leadership style adopted by the manager will make him a mentor.
Managers who adopt this leadership style will not be autocratic, but they will allow employees to work and do their jobs freely. Managers allow their employees to make decisions and managers will intervene if necessary.
The advantage of this leadership style is that employees will feel “valued” by their presence because they have the autonomy to give opinions and make decisions. But because too many people want to take a “share” in a problem, then the decision can be chaotic.
Supposing, this condition is like too many chefs cooking in the kitchen. Some want to add seasoning A, some want to mix seasoning B, and so on. Consequently, the taste of cooking will taste strange. The famous practitioner who adopted this leadership style was Warren Buffett.
5. Manager Leadership Style: Persuasive.
Almost the same as the consultant and democratic leadership style, the persuasive leadership style is very dependent on the employees or team members who succeed to persuade or make persuasive to their managers in making a decision.
This leadership style is very good and effective for managers to apply. Why? Because through this style, both managers and members will have mutual trust in each other. Thus, they are mutually persuasive to achieve the desired goals.
However, this leadership style will become chaotic when both parties, both managers and members (employees) do not have a sense of trust. Under these conditions, a persuasive leadership style will not work effectively. Who is the famous figure who adopted this leadership style? Yep! He is Martin Luther King, Jr., who has always been known as the most persuasive leader of all time.
6. Manager Leadership Style: Good Listeners.
Finally, we will find a managerial leadership style that always makes himself a good listener . Managers who adopt this leadership style will not hesitate to “throw” themselves into the trench with the employees. They want to take the time to listen to complaints, ideas and aspirations that employees have to look for facts in overcoming problems from the start. This is where managers can offer counseling or guidance to their employees, not just directions or orders.
Although it looks quite effective, but this leadership style also has shortcomings, colleagues. First, when employees do not like management, any advice given by managers in counseling will not affect anything. Second, if a manager only pretends to be a good listener, then the employees will not convey complaints and honest ideas. Instead, employees tend to be quiet or “spice up” conversations with pleasant conversations, when in reality this is not the case. Who is the famous figure who adopted this leadership style? The famous practitioner who adopted this style was Steve Jobs. Wow, who try not to know this character!
So, Which Leadership Style is the Best If We Want to Become an Effective Manager?
The six leadership styles above will make us effective managers, if we apply them according to the work environment and the conditions of our employees. Of course, every manager in the world will face the characteristics of employees and have a different work environment.
So, in accordance with the understanding of an effective manager that he is a clever person to choose alternative ways and effective ways of achieving goals, the effective manager knows which leadership style is most suitable for him to apply. Good luck with the leadership style above, colleagues Career Advice.