Nothing more uncomfortable than itching in the head area, isn’t it? When there is flaking, then, we don’t even talk. Know that you need to give due attention to the problem, as these are some of the main signs of scalp diseases.
The good news is that they can be treated by a specialized professional. Even psoriasis, which is a chronic disease, requires follow-up, it is important to follow medical recommendations to prevent its manifestation.
In this post, find out which are the 5 most common scalp diseases!
Psoriasis is a chronic disease that affects not only the scalp, but also elbows and knees, among other parts of the body. Its cause is linked to heredity and the immune system.
When psoriasis manifests, the formation of reddish plaques, which peel off, has well-defined contours. Contrary to what some people imagine, the disease is not contagious.
The list of diseases of the scalp includes folliculitis, an inflammation in the hair follicles whose main symptoms are reddish skin, itching and small pus blisters.
In general, folliculitis is caused by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus (staphylococcus), but it can also be of viral or fungal origin. The disease affects all parts of the body except mucous membranes, palms and soles.
3. Seborrheic dermatitis
The dermatitis seborrheic or seborrhea is commonly known as dandruff. It arises due to the change in sebum production by the sebaceous glands, which increases the oiliness of the scalp.
Therefore, the affected region becomes reddish, in plaques or crusts, and there is often itching and flaking. The imbalance in the production of classes of bacteria and fungi also causes seborrheic dermatitis.
The list of diseases of the scalp includes pityriasis, a ringworm of fungal origin. Also called capillary tin, this type of infection causes itching and flaking, in addition to temporary hair loss in some cases.
The fungi that cause pityriasis make up the scalp microbiota and are activated due to changes in the region’s pH, excessive sweating and even stress , among other reasons.
Alopecia is a problem that causes hair loss or hair loss. It can appear due to autoimmune diseases and dermatitis or even due to genetic factors, in addition to being a response to the use of certain medications, among other causes.
Due to the loss of large amounts of hair in some regions, the scalp may be exposed. This also happens in other affected areas of the body that were previously covered with hair.
So, did you learn which scalp diseases you need to keep an eye on? Finally, know that they require treatment, so it is essential to seek a dermatologist to be monitored closely. Therefore, the symptoms and the problem should not be ignored.