ources of Islamic Teachings and their Explanations (Complete Language) – The source of Islamic teachings is everything that can be used as a guide, a guide, a foundation in the practice of Islamic law. The three main sources of Islamic teaching are the Qur’an, Hadith and Ijtihad. Among the scholars, the most important sources are the Qur’an and the Hadith (Sunnah).
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- 13 Sources of Islamic Teachings and their Explanations (Full Discussion)
- 11. Al-Qur’an
- 22. Hadith (Sunnah)
- 2.1Various Hadiths or Sunnahs
- 33. Ijtihad
- 3.1Types of Ijtihad
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3 Sources of Islamic Teachings and Explanations (Full Discussion)
Let us discuss carefully what are the sources of Islamic teachings and their explanations.
The Qur’an is a scripture that contains the word of God, revealed to Prophet Muhammad as one of his miracles through the mediation of the angel Gabriel. The Qur’an, which is a holy book of Muslims containing beliefs, acts of worship, laws, warnings, stories and gestures of development of the object, serves as a reference and guide to the life of the Prophet Muhammad.
” Indeed, we have translated it into the Quran in Arabic, that you may understand it “. (QS. Joseph: 2)
2. Hadith (Sunnah)
It is the second source of Islamic teaching. The Sunnah is a habit practiced by the Prophet in terms of words, actions or decisions or the Prophet’s approval of what his companions did.
According to the Salaf scholars, the As-Sunnah is a guide made by the Prophet and his companions, whether it be knowledge, i’tiqad (belief), word or deed.
As-Sunnah serves to clarify, interpret the content or content of the Qur’anic verses and strengthen the statement of the Qur’anic verses and develop everything that is ambiguous or even without its meaning in the Qur’an. an.
Various Hadiths or Sunnahs
Hadiths or sunnahs are seen in terms of their shape, including:
- Qauliyah is all the words of the Prophet
- Fi’liyah is all that the Prophet did
- Taqririyah is the designation, approval and confession of the Prophet
- Hammiyah is something that has been planned by the Messenger of Allah and has been conveyed to his friends to be done but has not yet been done because his death has come.
The hadith or sunnah is seen in terms of the number of people who convey it, including:
- Worrying is the hadith narrated by many
- The famous is narrated by many people, but not up to (the amount) to the degree of mut worried
- Sunday is narrated by only one person.
Hadith or sunnah in terms of quality, including:
- The traces of a true and healthy hadith without any doubt or defect.
- Hasan, that is a good hadith, fulfills the requirements as a saheeh hadith, the difference lies only in terms of his haughtiness (strong memorization). His authentic hadith is more perfect than hasan’s hadith.
- Dhaif is a weak hadith.
- Maudhu is a false or fabricated hadith.
The Ijtihad is to exert all the powers of the mind to derive the law of syar’i from the rules of syara ‘namely the Qur’an and hadith. Ijtihad can be done if there is a problem that the law does not contain in the Qur’an or the hadith, then it can be done by using the mind by referring to and based on the Qur’an and the hadith.
- Ijma ‘This
is the consensus of the scholars (mujathids) in establishing a law based on the Qur’an and the Hadith in a matter. The joint decision made by the scholars by means of the ijtihad to be negotiated and agreed upon. The result of ijma ‘is the fatwa, which is the decision of the mujtahid who is authorized to follow the whole people.
ie merge or equalize. It means setting up a new law or thing, which has never existed before but has the same cause, benefits, dangers and various aspects as before. In Islam, Ijma and Qiyas are of the nature of emergencies, when there are things that have not been set in the past.
- Definition The
act of passing one law to another is due to the existence of a proposition ‘that requires it to be abandoned. In contrast to the Qur’an, Hadith, Ijma ‘and Qiyas whose position has been agreed upon by the Muslim scholars as a source of Islamic law. This virtue is one of the only methods used by some scholars.
- Maslahah Mursalah
is an act which is not practiced by the law in the form of law, in order to create happiness, besides the fact that there is no justification or blame.
- Sududz Dzariah It
is the act of deciding something that turns out to be harmful or illegal for the benefit and benefit of the people.
- The Istishab
is a set of circumstances that precede it with a proposition that indicates the change in circumstances. Or set according to the law set in the past permanently based on circumstances, until there is a proposition that changes.
That is everything that has been known by humans because it has become a habit, custom or tradition either in the form of words, deeds or in relation to leaving certain deeds.
So it is clear that the source of Islamic teaching has been formulated by RasulAllah SAW, consisting of three main sources to be referred to, namely the Qur’an, As-Sunnah (Hadith), and Ijtihad.