It is very important to learn the basis of a science before entering or studying the science deeper. Likewise in studying geography . It is very important for us to discuss aspects, supporting sciences and basic concepts of geography. With this discussion, it can provide a basic picture in studying geography more deeply.
Chapter List ☰
If viewed from the geographical boundaries in accordance with the explanation of the geographers, the geographical aspects can be broken down into 3 things. The aspects of the aspects are as follows:
A. Knowledge of Natural Symptoms and also Life on Earth (Geofer Symptoms)
The purpose of this point is that geography examines and studies various causes, also seeks to find and find answers to why and how a geofer phenomenon occurs.
B. Interactions between Humans and their Environment
Humans can not be separated from the natural environment in meeting their needs. Whether it’s primary or secondary needs though. Therefore humans are also required to be wise so that the preservation of nature is maintained. That way, the carrying capacity of nature to humans is well maintained.
C. In Spatial and Territorial Kotenks
The distribution of geosphere symptoms in a region or space as well as human interaction with the environment is a major point in studying, studying the geosphere’s symptoms, as well as human interactions with their environment.
While in broad terms aspects of geography can be divided into two parts, namely physical geography and social geography.
A. Physical Geography
Physical geography is a part of geography that studies physical phenomena and conditions from a phenomenon that occurs on earth. For example, in flood events the focus of the study is on physical phenomena.
Physical symptoms such as conditions of rainfall, flood water volume, flood discharge, flow velocity, river or dranaise conditions, types of rocks that exist and many others. The study focuses on all physical aspects that influence flooding.
B. Social Geography
Social geography is a part of geography that examines the relationship and influence of reciprocity between humans and the natural environment. This aspect also examines human activities and efforts in adjusting natural conditions, which are carried out for the prosperity and welfare of his life.
Examples of aspects of social geography are food self-sufficiency businesses, especially rice and corn. In food self-sufficiency, the study focuses on finding suitable locations for rice and corn.
The location must have the right natural conditions such as fertile soil, sufficient rainfall, appropriate climate, adequate irrigation, competent workforce (farmers), seed availability, fertilizer, marketing and even the availability of transportation routes to market agricultural products. The study focuses on all matters that affect food self-sufficiency and is studied in depth.
If these two aspects namely physical geography and social geography are combined it will give birth to a new study of regional geography.
Very broad geographic coverage requires supporting science in its implementation. There are about 14 supporting sciences needed. The supporting sciences include:
- Anthropologyis the study of humans and their culture.
- Biologyis the study of living things.
- Botanyis the science of growing plants. This science focuses on how and where plants can flourish.
- Demographyis the study of population statistics, which include density, births, deaths, movements, distribution and even population development.
- Ecologyis a branch of biology that focuses on the study of interorganisms as well as organisms and their environment.
- Economicsis the study of human ways or efforts to fulfill their needs.
- Geologyis the study of the earth globally from history, structure, composition and even the natural processes of the earth to the present.
- Geomorphologyis the science that focuses on the shape of the earth’s surface and the process by which it occurs.
- Hydrologyis the study of water both on the surface and below the surface, such as rivers, lakes, springs and swamps .
- Climatologyis the study of weather and climate in the world.
- Meteorologyis the study of temperature, weather,wind , air, solar radiation and even the atmosphere .
- Oceanographyis the science that makes the ocean its study. This science focuses on water, ocean movement, tides, currents, depth, temperature, salinity and even economic value as well.
- Sociologyis the study of human relationships and interactions in people’s lives.
- Zoologyis the study of the animal world, relating to where, how, causes of movement and the way of life of animals.
Basic Concepts of Geography
In the study of material objects, geography has 10 basic concepts that can be used. The ten basic concepts are as follows:
1. Concept of Location or Location
The concept of location is a major concept in geography and this concept is a special feature of this science. This concept is a “where” question in the study of geography. Basically this concept is divided into 2 namely the understanding of absolute location and understanding of relative location.
- Absolute locationemphasizes the fixed location of the grip system or coordinates. In determining the absolute location on earth, the coordinate system of latitude and longitude, or better known as astronomical location, is used .
- Relativelocation means that this location changes depending on the surroundings. In the study of geography better known as the geographical location .
2. Concept of Distance
Distance has significance as a geographical concept in social, economic and defense life. Distance is also a natural limiting factor. Nevertheless the importance of distance becomes relatively in line with technological progress.
Technological advances make distance not a barrier anymore. For example people who want to communicate with other people on other continents. The person does not need to travel a certain distance to do so long as it can still be done with telecommunications technology (telephone or other). However, distance is a barrier if one does not reach the technology.
3. The Concept of Affordability
Affordability is not always related to distance. However, it is more on location conditions or means of transportation and communication that can be used. For example certain locations can be difficult to reach because there are minimal or even no means of transportation or communication to these places. Though the location is close to other locations.
4. Concept Patterns
The concept of this pattern is related to the shape, arrangement, or distribution of phenomena in the earth’s space. Where these phenomena can be natural phenomena ( soil type , rainfall or river flow) or socio-cultural phenomena (population distribution, livelihood, or type of house).
5. Morphological Concepts
Morphology emphasizes the description of the embodiment of the land surface of the earth as a result of the appointment or decline of the region. Where, in the appointment or decline is commonly followed by erosion and sedimentation so as to form islands, broad land, valleys and alluvial land.
6. The concept of agglomeration
Agglomeration is a tendency of distribution that groups into a region that is relatively smaller or narrow because it is the most profitable. For example, elite housing is inhabited by entrepreneurs, both entrepreneurs with the same or different types of businesses.
7. Concepts of Use
The usefulness value of phenomena and other sources on earth is relative, which means it is not the same for residents of one another.
8. Concepts of Interaction and Interdependence
Interaction is an event affecting each other between objects. Meanwhile, interdependence is the interdependence of one object with another object.
9. Concept of Area Differentiation
Every place or region is a manifestation of the integration of various elements or phenomena. Where, each region has the characteristics of each region and may only occur in certain regions. This is because these elements or phenomena are dynamic.
10. The Concept of Spatial Linkage
Spatial linkages can show the value of the relation of the spread of a phenomenon with other phenomena, in a place both concerning natural, and social phenomena.
Thus the article about aspects, supporting science and basic concepts of geography. Hopefully this article can provide a rationale for studying geography deeper. Have a good study.