There is a dispute at this time regarding Tipu, the Sultan of Mysore. The statement of Union Minister Anantkumar Hegde has put Tipu Sultan ‘s history in a list of controversies. Hegde described Tipu as rapist, cruel and an enemy of Hindus. They called him the invader who broke the temples. While supporters of TP say that it is all wrong. Actually, he was a patriot and he fought the British and protected this country. This Muslim ruler of South India, with the help of the Franciscans, had rescued the British sixes. Tipu Sultan Daursal was a Shia Muslim.
However, according to a writer Minhaj Merchant, Tipu Sultan did not fight Britain to help India. In South India, he was fighting to save his sultanate. It was an infiltrator’s fight with another intruder. Historian Irfan Habib states that the 18th century Mysore ruler Tipu Sultan was neither a freedom fighter nor dictator.
Tipu enlisted the help of the Franciscans. The French were also like the British in India who occupied Puducherry and other areas. On the other hand, the Marathas and the Nizam considered it their helplessness to support the British. If seen, both sides were supporting a foreign ruler.
Rakesh Sinha, the ideologue of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, said, “In a letter, Tipu Sultan himself says that I have converted 4 lakh Hindus.” It is said in the second letter that with the blessings of Allah, all the Hindus of Calicut have converted. Tipu Sultan has hundreds of letters, claiming in his own letters how he treated Hindu and Christian women. How his forces used to force. The ruler who takes pride in breaking the temples and the church should be interpreted in history as the great ruler. “The story of the forced conversion of nearly a thousand Hindus to Islam during Tipu’s Kurg campaign was that of William Logan. The book is found in ‘Voyages of the East’.
According to historian Irfan Habib, “Tipu Sultan suppressed the rebellion in Malabar and atrocities were also done to suppress this rebellion. But Habib flatly denied Tipu Sultan’s demolition of temples and conversion of Hindus … Hindus lived and persecuted in Malabar but Tipu’s wazir was a Hindu himself. These atrocities were done to suppress the rebellion as it used to be in those days. ” … Is the story of Tipu, the Sultan of Mysore recorded in the pages of history, not accurate in terms of facts?
Tipu Sultan is therefore called ‘Sher-i-Mysore’. Tipu, Sultan of Mysore from 1782 to 1799, died on 4 November 1799, on 20 November 1750. Tipu Sultan’s full name was Fateh Ali Tipu. His father’s name was Hyder Ali alias Hyder Naik. Hyder Ali Cannon, with the help of a French, formed a contingent of controlled soldiers armed with guns and bayonets. Hyder Ali attained independent command in Mysore in 1749. He later replaced Prime Minister Nanjraj. Then in about 1761 he became the ruler of Mysore. After dominating King Krishnaraja Wadiyar II and the Government of Mysore, he soon conquered Badnaur, Kanara and small princely states of South India and annexed it into his kingdom. Tipu declared the Hindu-majority state a Muslim state as soon as he sat on the throne.
However, amidst all these controversies, some of Tipu Sultan’s works are also praised. Come on, you know 10 such acts of Tipu that you will be shocked to know.
- Rocketman: It issaid that Tipu Sultan was the first missileman in the world. Some of Tipu’s rockets are housed in London’s famous Science Museum. These were among the rockets that the British took with them in the late 18th century. It was because of this rocket that the foundation of rocket making was laid in the future. APJ Abdul Kalam, the father of India’s missile program, wrote in his book ‘Wings of Fire’ that he saw Tipu’s army rocket painting at a NASA center.
In fact, Tipu and his father Hyder Ali frequently used rockets in the battle of domination in South India. The rockets he used were very small but deadly. They used iron tubes to hold the propellant. These tubes used to be attached to swords. These rockets could hit about two kilometers. It is believed that these rockets changed the game in the Battle of Pallilore (Kanchipuram of present-day Tamil Nadu).
- Anguthi namedRam :Tipu used to wear a ring named ‘Ram’, after his death the ring was taken off by the British and then took it with him. After the death of Tipu in the battle in Srirangapatnam, British Ram, a beautiful Anguthi named Ram, was taken to England. After the death of Tipu, it is believed that the British cut off his finger and took out this ring.
- Tipu ‘s Sword:Tipu Sultan’s sword was carved with a tiger. It is said that after Tipu’s death, this sword was found lying near his dead body. Tipu Sultan’s sword weighs 7 kg 400 grams. In today’s time, Tipu’s sword is worth about 21 crores.
- Tipu’s descendants: It issaid that TP Sultan had 12 children, out of which only two children have been known, while 10 children are still not known. The descendants of Tipu’s son Ghulam Mohammad Shah live in Kolkata. Ali is a descendant of Prince Muniruddin who was one of the sons of Tipu Sultan. The other descendants of Tipu Sultan are Shahid Alam.
- Donations in Temples: There ismention of Tipu donatingto patrons of many Hindu temples, institutions and pilgrimages. It is said that he used to send visits to Hindu temples and also plays the role of a mediator in the ongoing disputes between various sects in Hindu temples. In his kingdom, a post was created to look after the temples protected by the state, which was called Srimatu Devasthanadasime. Its chief was a Brahmin named Kuppaya. Among these temples, the Ranganath Temple at Seringapatnam, the Narasimha Temple at Melukot, the Narayanaswamy Temple at Melukot, the Lakshmikant Temple at Kalale and the Srikanteshwara Temple at Nanjangud are notable.
- Letter toShankaracharya :Tipu also wrote letters to Shankaracharya of the famous Sringeri Math in which he addressed him as Vishwa Guru. Here a letter written by Sultan to the lord of the monastery reveals his attitude towards Hinduism and its religious institutions. In a letter of 1793, Tipu writes, you are Jagadguru, the guru of the world, you have always taken pains for the good of the whole world and so that people can live happily. Please wish God our prosperity. In any country in which holy souls like you will reside, good rain and harvest will bring prosperity to the country.
- Tipu ‘s Cannon: In Tipu’s kingdom, there were European artillery. The cannon here was unmatched. In 2010, when Tipu Sultan’s armory was auctioned, it was also auctioned with a sword and guns, a rare cannon fired at over 3 lakh pounds. The length of this cannon was more than two and a half meters.
- Tipu in the list of British enemies:18th-century Mysore had the toughest challenge to British expansionism in South India. First Hyder Ali and then Tipu Sultan repeatedly defeated the British factory in Madras. Due to this defeat, the British included Tipu in their list of the top 10 enemies.
- Tipu’s Defeat:At the age of 18, Tipu became a skilled warrior. He prevented the growing power of East India during his reign. In the second battle of Mysore, he helped his father Hyder Alagi to defeat the British. When the British, together with the Nizam of Hyderabad, attacked Tipu for the fourth time, he suffered defeat and was killed.
- Tipu work:Tipu called Tiger of Mysore. He did hundreds of construction works. Construction of roads, making arrangements for irrigation, strengthening the Krishnaraja Sagar Dam, successfully carrying out the Lal Bagh project and implementing the new land revenue system in addition to the modern calendar were the major tasks.