When it comes to writing it is worth learning from mistakes, after all, excellence is achieved only after a lot of training and technique. Until you get to the “perfect” writing (if it really exists), you need to know the path of the stones and make the mistakes important allies of learning. Only those who tried are wrong, so make mistakes to get it right!
There are some errors that can be fatal for those who are taking entrance exams, competitions and mainly trying to get a place at the university through the National High School Exam. There are many possibilities for errors, errors that are not overlooked by the evaluators, who follow strict correction criteria – provided for in the exam reference matrix. Among the most common mistakes are inadequate syntactic constructions and stumbling blocks in argumentation strategies, which can cost a good discount on the final grade of the essay.
See also: The newsroom at Enem: Step by step
As the Enem essay is worth a thousand points, that is, it represents 20% of the final grade of the test, it is good to be attentive to avoid the errors mentioned above. It is also worth knowing the race reference matrix, which is composed of five competencies according to the Participant Guide.
Among these competencies are respect for the cultured norm of the language, that is, it is necessary to know how to use formal language and to respect syntactic, semantic, orthographic aspects, among others that guarantee good communication in the written modality of the Portuguese language. Among the items that most cause failures among candidates are punctuation, regency and agreement, therefore, it is worth resuming the study of these elements so as not to be penalized in the final grade.
See also: Ten Writing Tips
On punctuation, regency and agreement, respectively: never make the punctuation error by separating subject and verb with commas; backslash errors often appear in student texts, many of which could be avoided if students knew that verbs are not preceded by backslash; avoid placing the subject after the verb, this is an important tip of agreement. Another issue that also deserves attention is the tenses and verbal modes.
The inappropriate use of these elements can compromise the argument, considered the key item of the essay, and hinder the construction of the sentences and their meaning. Do not forget also that colloquial language is not allowed in the essay test of most entrance exams and contests, therefore, proper expressions of the internet and slang should be avoided, leave them for informal speech contexts, respecting the aspect of adequacy linguistics.
See also: The skills required for the Enem Writing test
Another serious mistake that can cost the candidate disqualification is the flight from the proposed topic to the newsroom. Understanding the wording proposal is the second competence required by Enem. For the candidate to succeed in this skill, it is essential to read the topic and the motivating texts: they are not there by chance, and can be extremely important for the construction of the argument, especially if the candidate is not very familiar with the subject.
From reading the collection, the student should make a cut, looking for a line of reasoning to follow, thus avoiding penalties at the time of correction. A good text should also be supported by statistics and references, data that are usually provided in one of the three motivating texts. Causes and consequences of the proposed situation cannot be left out either.
In the case of the Enem newsroom, it is important to elaborate the intervention proposal for the theme, thus demonstrating the ability to propose ideas, always pointing out viable solutions, that is, it is necessary to be careful not to present a vague solution, which could hardly be applied. To verify the viability of the intervening agents, you must answer the following questions:
- What to do to change the situation?
- Who will put the solution into practice?
- How to put the solution into practice?
Before starting to write the text, it is necessary to plan, care that will prevent the candidate from getting lost when arguing or proposing solutions. The lack of planning can lead to the elaboration of an essay that exceeds the limit of thirty lines, not to mention the risk that your text does not meet one or more skills of the essay test. Another essential question: as in the body of the editorial staff, your intervention proposal must respect human rights, another competence required in the reference matrix.
This proposal should consider the points addressed in the argument, maintaining a direct link with the developed thesis and coherence with the arguments used, since it makes the author’s vision explicit. To be able to prepare an intervention proposal that is attentive to the wishes of the exam’s reference matrix, the candidate must use the knowledge developed at school to develop proposals for solidarity intervention in reality, respecting human values and always considering socio-cultural diversity.
Now see ten errors that can lower your grade in the Enem essay and other entrance exams:
- Separate subject and verb with commas;
- Put backslash before verbs;
- Use slang and expressions from the internet;
- Read the essay topic in a hurry;
- Avoid the wording proposal;
- Establish a vague point of view;
- Do not put causes and consequences of the situation proposed by the test;
- Do not separate the arguments that will build the text;
- Propose unviable solutions, difficult to achieve;
- Disrespect human rights.