What Is Language,this is very basic question for any linguistic student. It is hard to define what language actually is but we can understand by many examples. Modern linguists Noam Chomsky argue that language is an innate ability, a particular feature inherent in human nature. The language is a series of sounds produced by the vocal organs of man consciously”
Human beings can communicate with each other. We are able to exchange knowledge, beliefs, opinions, wishes, threats, commands, thanks, promises, declarations, and feelings only our imagination sets limits. We can laugh to express amusement, happiness, or disrespect, we can smile to express amusement, pleasure, approval, or bitter feelings, we can shriek to express anger, excitement, or fear, we can clench our fists to express determination, anger or a threat, we can raise our eyebrows to express surprise or disapproval, and so on, but our system of communication before anything else is language.
How we define language although those who study language may disagree over a precise definition because they dispute some concepts, such as whether or not language must have a written and/or oral component, they agree that language is a rule-based system of signs. Saying that language is rule-based usually makes people think of other kinds of situations where rules are enforced by a particular authority. For example, think about classroom behavior. Students are expected to sit still, be quiet, pay attention, and so on; typically, there are consequences if they don’t follow these rules.
Universal Facts You Must Know About What is Language
Language rules, however, are not enforced by any authority figure; language police do not exist. Instead, language rules are conventions. This means that they come into existence through common practice by users of the language rather than through the imposition of an authority figure. As a result, members who use the language conventions of their particular community may not even be conscious of following them.
We talk about language as a system of rules or conventions because a single language convention, for example, a single word, a pause, or an alphabet letter, does not tell us much beyond its immediate meaning. Thus, we usually combine these conventions together to convey larger meanings
Language – as defined above it is an exclusively human property. Among the characteristics that make a relatively clear distinction between linguistic and nonlinguistic communication meaningful, two are particularly important: double articulation and syntax.
Languages consist of tens of thousands of signs, which are combinations of form and meaning. Form in spoken languages is a sequence of sounds, in written languages for example a sequence of letters (depending upon what kind of writing system we are talking about) and in the sign languages of the deaf a certain combination of gestures. Here, we shall concentrate on spoken languages, and one example of a sign is the English word sit, which has the form /sIt/. Speakers of English associate a certain meaning with this form: ‘to assume a position of rest in which the weight is largely supported by the buttocks
When you know a language, you can speak and be understood by others who know that language. This means you are able to produce strings of sounds that signify certain meanings and to understand or interpret the sounds produced by others. But language is much more than speech. Deaf people produce and understand sign languages just as hearing persons produce and understand spoken languages. The languages of the deaf communities throughout
the world are equivalent to spoken languages, differing only in their modality of expression. Most everyone knows at least one language. Five-year-old children are nearly as proficient at speaking and understanding as their parents.
Yet the ability to carry out the simplest conversation requires profound knowledge that most speakers are unaware of. This is true for speakers of all languages, from Albanian to Zulu. A speaker of English can produce a sentence having two relative clauses without knowing what a relative clause is.
For example: My goddaughter who was born in Sweden and who now lives in Iowa is named Disa, after a Viking queen. In a parallel fashion, a child can walk without understanding or being able to explain the principles of balance and support or the neuro physiological control mechanisms that permit one to do so. The fact that we may know something unconsciously is not unique to language.