Types of Emotions In Psychology are being discussed in this article.Emotions have four defining features, all of which would be lacking among these unfeeling beings from outer space:
An emotion involves a subjective experience or “feeling” of pleasure or displeasure, like or dislike, or arousal. In the last analysis, subjective experiences of this sort are probably the best single way to define emotion. In studying emotion, psychologists must rely heavily on people’s subjective accounts of their feelings: “I’m thrilled!” “What a disgusting place!” “Wow!”
Emotions are accompanied by physiological changes in our bodies (Stemmler, 1989), sometimes quite dramatic ones. When we are very angry or afraid, our hearts may accelerate from about 72 beats per minute to as many as 180 beats per minute. Our breathing may become rapid and uneven, and our blood pressure may rise alarmingly. The physiological changes that accompany other emotions may be smaller and more subtle.
Emotions also involve expressive behaviors, particularly facial expressions—the smiles, pouts, and frowns that typically signal a person’s experience of a particular emotion . Emotions are also expressed by changes in posture and tone of voice. When we are sad, for example, we tend to slouch and to speak in a lower, less variable pitch than when we are angry or afraid.
Changes in cognition.
Emotions are also accompanied by changes in thoughts. When happy, people become more optimistic and tend to look at the bright side; when sad, people are likely to see the negative sides of situations In general, our thoughts are guided by and consistent with our emotions.