Army Reserve Officers Training Corps ROTC program consists of two parts: a two-year basic course, followed by a two-year advanced course. The initial program includes on-campus basic education in military history, national defense and military management, along with physical training and military drills several times a week. The Army pays part of the cost for all textbooks, uniforms and other essential materials but offers no pay to non- scholarship students during the two-year basic course.
Those who complete the two-year physical and academic program successfully and show the potential to become officers can enroll in the advanced course a two-year pro- gram of instruction in organization and management, military tactics, ethics and leadership development. Students must attend a five-week advanced training camp in the field during the summer of their junior and senior year.
Facts You Must Know About The Purpose of ROTC Program In Military
All cadets in the advanced course and at training camps receive annual stipends of $4,000 each per academic year. The army also offers a two- year ROTC program for junior and community college students, along with graduate school students and undergraduate upper class-men who have not taken the basic course during their first two years of college. To enter the two- year program, students must first complete the five-week summer basic training camp.
All ROTC applicants may apply for two-, three- and four-year scholarships. Awarded competitively, each scholarship pays annual college tuition and fees, textbooks and supplies and a tax-free stipend of $4,000 per academic year. Four-year scholarships are awarded only to students entering college as freshmen. Two- and three-year scholarships are awarded to students already enrolled in college and to on-duty Army enlisted personnel.
Graduates of four-year ROTC programs receive a conventional bachelor’s degree and a lieutenancy in the U.S. Army. They must serve for at least three years; scholarship students must serve four. Nursing students may enroll in the ROTC and attend a Nurse Summer Train- ing Program instead of the regular camp, to prepare for the Army Nurse Corps. They must then serve in the corps for three years.
Although the ROTC provided the majority of Army officers during the Korean and Vietnam Wars, it is now offered on campus at only about 275 colleges in the United States, although about 1,000 other schools without on-campus ROTC have cross registration agreements with nearby colleges that do offer such training. ROTC was driven off many campuses during the Vietnam War and remains banned at most because of the Army’s position on homosexual soldiers.