The Reflexive Pronouns are used to indicate that the reflex action lies with the person himself.In this case, the pronoun comes after the verb and agrees with the subject. These pronouns are characterized by the self(singular) and selves (plural).For each pronoun Personal ( Personal Pronoun ) there is a reflexive pronoun ( Reflexive Pronoun ).
Reflective pronouns can be used to express:
1- Reflexive Action:
the action of the verb falls on the subject itself.
I cut myself . (I cut myself).
She combs herself . (She combs herself).
After eating, the cat cleans itself . (After eating, the cat cleans itself).
They burned themselves on the fireplace . They burned in the fireplace.
2- Emphatic function:
the pronoun must match what is emphasized.
He himself built his house . (He built this house himself).
They themselves fixed the dishwasher . (They fixed the washing machine themselves).
We ourselves made this surprise to you. We prepared this surprise for you.
I cut myself the cake . I cut the cake myself.
3 – Idiomatic function:
it is intended to inform that the subject practiced the action alone, without the help of anyone. In this case, the reflexive pronoun must be preceded by “by”.
We did our homework by ourselves . We did our homework alone.
Bob made this folder by himself . (Bob prepared this pasta alone).
She cleaned the house by herself . She cleaned the house by herself.
They painted the house by themselves . They painted the house without the help of anyone.
Below is a table with all Reflexive Pronouns.
|1st person singular||Myself|
|2 nd person singular||Yourself|
|3rd person singular||Himself|
|3rd person singular||Herself|
|3rd person singular for animals and objects||Itself|
|1st person plural||Ourselves|
|2nd person plural||Yourselves|
|3rd person plural||Themselves|