What is linguistics and language is an important question as a student of linguistic. Currently on earth there are about three thousand languages. Some of them, such as Chinese, Arabic, Hindi, Spanish, say hundreds of millions of inhabitants of our planet. In other languages, such as the Yukaghir, Ket, Negidal, Nganasan are only a few hundred people.
#1.What is Linguistics And Language:literary Tradition
Some languages, such as Greek or Chinese, have millennia literary tradition. For other languages, for example, Arantxa, Nicobar. They are used solely as a means of oral communication. For some languages, such as, for example, for the Nenets or Tuva, writing was created only in the twentieth century. Languages with a long literary and written tradition, called the old-script. Languages for which the script was created only recently, called the newly created written.
#2.What is Linguistics And Language:Emerged relatively recently
Some languages, such as Bislama or neo Solomon IK emerged relatively recently, while others, such as Sumerian, have fallen into disuse many years ago and are now known only from written monuments. Languages, coming out of the living colloquial use, are called dead, and continuing in the living colloquial use – alive.
Some languages, such as Russian and Belarusian are very similar to each other.When comparing the English and Chinese languages, no resemblance at first glance, is not detected.
Meanwhile, despite all the differences between the languages, all of them in the most important and significant (and sometimes in the details!) Are together a lot in common.
You must know what is linguistics and language?.It has slightly difference.
Each language – treasure of a collective (Robinson Crusoe on a desert island and do not have anyone there was no need to talk). Each language expresses the speaker’s thoughts through sounds. In every language there are both vowels and consonants. The language consists of only one consonant or vowel alone does not exist. Each language is articulate. This means that any sentence in any of the human languages is divided on some elements (sounds, syllables, morphemes, words, set phrases, etc..), Repeated in other combinations with each other as part of other statements.
#3.What is Linguistics And Language: Synonyms, Homonyms and Antonyms.
In the vocabulary of any language there are synonyms, homonyms and antonyms. In all the languages people speak sentences. In every language there are proper nouns and common nouns. Text in any language can be recorded on paper by means of written signs. All languages can be described using the same set of concepts and terms. The latter is particularly important for us, because otherwise could not exist such a science as linguistics.
This, of course, the simplest and most glaring cases of similarity between the languages. In the future, the study of the course “Basics of science of language” we are faced with a much more interesting and vivid examples.
#4.What is Linguistics And Language: What is Linguistics
Linguistics the science that studies languages.Linguistics is the general and the particular. General Linguistics studies the common and essential, that is found in various (ideally – in all) languages.Amateur linguistics deals with any particular language (eg English, Finnish, Korean, etc.) or a group of closely related languages (eg Slavic languages).Linguistics can be synchronic or diachronic. Synchronic linguistics describes the facts of the language at a particular moment in its history. Diachronic linguistics describes the development of language for any length of time.
#5.What is Linguistics And Language: Synchronic and Diachronic
Of course, between the general and specific linguistics, synchronic and diachronic there is no impassable boundary. General Linguistics uses for its constructions facts obtained in the study of individual languages or language groups, and any synchronous state of the language it is always the result of a long historical development.
#6.What is Linguistics And Language: Linguistics does not exist in isolation
Linguistics does not exist in isolation from the other sciences. Studying the history of a language, we have to turn to the people of history who speak the language, dealing with issues of phonetics, we use data Acoustics (Physics Section) and the physiology of speech, to create machine translation systems “combined efforts” sciences such as computer science and linguistics, and data collected under the supervision of any language can be subjected to mathematical treatment. Section linguistics associated with the use of mathematical methods in the study of language, called mathematical linguistics.
#7.What is Linguistics And Language: As reflected in a given text
Catching up on the study of a language, we always refer to the text created in this language. However, to correctly interpret the linguistic phenomena, as reflected in a given text, we need to know who, where and under what circumstances was the text is created, what genre it belongs to, it was calculated on the perception of any audience. These issues are dealt with literature, which, along with linguistics, one of two main Philology.