The Grammar Translation Method In Language Teaching is better known as the Grammar-Translation Method. It is also called the classical method of teaching English. In the teaching of English as foreign language, it has enjoyed a great reputation in the past at present also, many teachers prefer to teach English by this method. It the past Greek, Latin, French, German etc. were taught by this method.
Translation method means teaching the target language by translating it into mother tongue-may be Hindi or Punjabi. Here each phrase or sentence of English is taught by translating it into mother tongue. The philosophy behind this method is that the foreign language can be best taught or learn through translation. The learners, however, have to make use of set rules and principles of grammar.
The Principles of Translation Method
- Teaching of a foreign language through translation is easy, quick and economical.
- The structural patterns of the two languages are compared and this comparison makes learning more clear and firm.
- The fundamental principle of proceeding from known to unknown is followed throughout.
- The knowledge of rules helps the learners to avoid any type of mistakes.