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Psychology Notes

What Is Observational Learning;What Are Its Four Stages

What Is Observational Learning;What Are Its Four Stages

Observational Learning is takes place without any direct reward or punishment.It is simply  a result of observing the behavior of other people.This important process is learning by observation. Good teachers take advantage of their students’ ability to learn by observation.Learning by observation involves a sequence of four steps that Albert Bandura …

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What Are The 4 Schedules Of Reinforcement In Psychology

What Are The 4 Schedules Of Reinforcement In Psychology

There are four basic schedules of reinforcement based on these two distinctions: Fixed-ratio schedules involve reinforcement after a fixed number of responses after every tenth response, for example. In this case nine non-reinforced responses would be followed by one reinforced response. If you had a job in which you were …

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What Is The Concept of Reinforcement Process In Psychology?

What Is The Concept of Reinforcement Process In Psychology?

Reinforcement is the process of using rewards or reinforces to strengthen particular responses. A reinforcer is any event that strengthens the response it follows that is, that increases the likelihood of that response occurring again. One of the most important challenges for anyone trying to teach something to an animal …

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What Is Physiological Noise;6 Facts You Must Know

What Is Physiological Noise;6 Facts You Must Know

What Is Physiological Noise? Noise batters not only our ears but our minds as well. When it comes to predicting psychological effects,there is an important distinction to be made between sound and noise. When psychologists talk about “noise,” they are referring to sounds that are unpleasant or unwanted. As a result, …

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What Is Perceptual Illusions In Psychology;5 Facts You Must Know

What Is Perceptual Illusions In Psychology;5 Facts You Must Know

Perceptual Illusions Magicians are sometimes called masters of illusion because they can make us “see” things that aren’t really there, like rabbits coming out of hats or cut ropes joining back together, Psychologists have a special interest in perceptual illusions instances in which perception and reality do not agree—not only …

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