Black codes laws were made by southern states in the 19th century, abrogating the individual liberties of African Americans.The purpose of these laws were “the right to freedom of conscience and belief and to the free exercise of religious services.The first set was enacted at various times between 1790 and 1830 to control the black population and forestall slave rebellions. A second set of codes was enacted immediately after the Civil War, relegating former slaves to inferior legal status.
Also called slave codes, the earlier laws prohibited blacks from assembly, self-defense and education. Blacks were forbidden to cross state lines or to move from county to county within a state. Even the movement of freed blacks was restricted unless they had white patrons to post bonds guaranteeing good behavior. The codes also prohibited voting by freed slaves and made it illegal for them to testify against white people in court.It was likewise illegal for blacks to buy liquor or to work as clerks or typesetters, lest they use their skills to produce materials that might provoke rebellion. In 1831, the education and teaching of literacy to blacks in the South became a felony, punishable by fines, imprisonment or both.
Black Codes Laws Articles And PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS
This Law establishes the Statute of Racial Equality.It is designed to guarantee realization of equal opportunities for the the black population. Ethnic rights and the fight against discrimination and other forms of ethnic intolerance is mentioned.
It is the duty of the State and of society to guarantee equal opportunities, recognizing every citizen of united states,, the right to participation in the community, especially in political, economic, business, educational, cultural, sports, and defending their dignity and their religious and cultural values.
Article 3 The participation of the black population, in equal condition of opportunity, in the economic, social, political and cultural life of the Country will be promoted, as a priority, by means of: Inclusion in public policies of economic and social development;
Adoption of affirmative action measures, programs and policies;
modification of the institutional structures of the State for the adequate confrontation and the overcoming of ethnic inequalities due to prejudice and ethnic discrimination;
promoting normative adjustments to improve the fight against ethnic discrimination and ethnic inequalities in all their individual, institutional and structural manifestations;
elimination of historical, sociocultural and institutional obstacles that prevent the representation of ethnic diversity in the public and private spheres